12 Sep 2015

e-Khaliyan

Generalization or Specialization - A Debatable Topic.

Generalization or Specialization - A debatable topic however to be more precise this should have added another term something like mediocre  which is something between of generalist and specialized.  Lets dig deep into the GD topic.

Here goes few points which would clarify more - 


Introduction

- Generalization mean you have Breadth wise knowledge of in any field, where are Specialization means you have In-Depth Knowledge in your field.
  For Example -
     - A MBBS doctor or MD in medicine is something which can see all type of patient in general where as ENT, Gastro, Neurologist which has specific  full fledged deep understanding of their respective fields.

How we can relate it to our daily life - Need of Specialized vs Generalized ?

1. Definitely in current scenario of India we need more specialized than generalized in each and every field as every body run behind the more finest brand, doctor, subject knowledge, politician, scholar, etc, and its true as well the person who is more specialized in any field would help you or provide more better knowledge regarding that subject. 
 For example - You will always prefer for more better brand in general, you will prefer to show to a ENT for nose, ear problem rather than a mbbs doctor.

So Specialization is  the need of hour, without ignoring the generalized people.


2.  Both the term has different aspects in each field of daily life according to me specialization becomes dominant in survival field like in terms of making money etc. whereas generalization is dominant in field where less efforts are required. According to me specialization is most important in today's world.


3.  Assuming that you are in a developed country with a stable economy, the answer is Specialization. Specialization beats Generalization in a competitive scenario. Any industry these days runs by employing several specialists working together rather than several generalists trying to solve the problem. 

4.  Being specialized in any area gives you an edge and provides you our niche. In a rapidly growing economy there's always room and requirement for specialization in every area, so there need not be a fear of lack of demand in your area of specialization. 

That said, generalization has its own benefits, being a generalist in addition to being a specialist in a certain realm can significantly help you grow in your life and career.




Specialization

Pros
• You get higher wages for having specific knowledge.
• You are a desirable employee in your area of expertise.
• If you specialize enough, you can become a leading expert in demand for satisfying ground-breaking projects or additional work on the side that complements your job.

Cons
• You have less job security if your area of specialty becomes obsolete.
• Many areas of specialty require a university degree or educational certification of sorts (which is not a problem per se, but might financially — or otherwise — be a stretch to achieve).
• If you are too specialized, the company can’t use you for other tasks or jobs, thus decreasing your overall flexibility as an employee.
• Too much time working at your specific area of specialty can lead to career boredom.


Generalization

Pros
• The more possibilities you have for making income, the less you will feel hard economic times. Then again, if your area of generalization is too vague, you may become too expendable and be the first in line for company layoffs.

• To be a generalist often means you keep learning new complementary skills. This continues to build a good base of employability, in addition to conquering the long-term boredom factor.

• Your increased range of employability also means you have greater chances of being employed closer to home than a specialist might. You will save money on transportation and other expenses that a specialist might bear (even with a higher income that might not cover these adjustments).

Cons
• Employers might not know how best to place you in their organization if your skills are too spread out. They may not view you as reliable or tenacious enough with any one job or skill set to be worth hiring.

• Without a solid idea of what you do, you may find yourself searching, both for personal identity as well as groping in the dark for what to do next, and for what type of employer you’ll work for next....