6 Nov 2016


Antibiotic Resistance, The Disease Of The New Era.

What are anti biotics?
Antibiotics! A fancy word for the non medicos, isn't it? These wonder drugs, have proved their  efficacy in quite  a few simple infections of the nose, the oral cavity to a lot more complicated infections such as  brain infections ,syphilis etc. They can be broadly classified depending on their mechanism of action. They basically act on the bacteria or virus or parasite causing the infection, and render the pathogen ineffective, thereby rendering the patient, free of infection. Since it's discovery, anti biotics have been very well exploited till date for their unquestioned efficiency. Sir Alexander, accidently discovered the use of penicillin as a drug against bacterial infection, and thus began the advent of the use of anti biotics in day to day life.

The picture
Today, it's a common practice to prescribe an anti biotic for the simplest of infection, of the throat, of the nose, given their efficiency. The traditional resorts of gargling, taking a steam have been very well become a part of history. Since it's so easy to consume a tablet and get cured, antibiotics have become the run-up resort today, even for the slightest of infections. With such liberal use of antibiotics, a condition called antibiotic resistance has grown over the years. 

How does the resistance occur?

   Antibiotic resistance means the resistance of the pathogen ( mostly bacterias)  and not the humans, to the antibiotics. The bacterias, upon repetitive exposure to these antibiotics, have developed ways to evade their destruction by the same. It won't be exactly wrong to quote Darvin’s survival hypothesis, about the survival of the fittest. The weaker bacterias are susceptible to antibiotic action, and some of them have thus developed some stronger strains, to prevent their own lysis, by these drugs. This therefore is a boon to the bacterial life, but a curse to the human.
How do we prevent this catastrophe?
        To prevent this disastrous catastrophe from preceeding further, there is now need for apt education about how to prescribe antibiotics. Injudicial prescription will only lead to worsening of this grave problem and this needs to be stopped, at source. 
       With this view, the WHO has initiated a World antibiotic week from 16-22 November 2016; framing this problem that we've been facing. The initiative thrives to encourage healthy medical practices and judicial use of anti biotics .


 Using information, education and communication as it's basic agenda, the WHO intends to spread awareness about this on- the-rise disaster to the general physicians, health practitioners and even hospital setups, wherein minor conferences and seminars have been undertaken to promote the same message. Antibiotic resistance is undoubtedly a major setback in the field of clinical medicine and NEEDS to be stopped at source. With judicial prescription of antibiotics and resorting to traditional methods of basic health care, this sequelae can be avoided.